Your Review. Location: The Desert. , Two varieties of E. farinosa are recognized by Flora of North America. Plant Type. It has a self-supporting growth form. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Scientific Names. Mason. Purshia tridentata, with the common name bitterbrush, is a shrub in the genus Purshia of the family Rosaceae.It is native to mountainous areas of western North America.. Common names include antelope bitterbrush, antelope bush, buckbrush, quinine brush, and less commonly deerbrush, blackbrush, and greasewood. Brittlebush is commonly a small perennial shrub, 2-3 ft. tall, 3 feet wide with greenish-gray to whitish-gray leaves and 2-3 inch yellow daisy flowers. To download the Scorecard click here. Brittlebush has a long history of uses by indigenous and pioneer peoples. This plant is a common deciduous shrub in the Mojave desert. The brittlebush flower is a small yellow daisy. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Walk among free-flight birds, towering saguaros and watch the racing roadrunners. var. Brittlebush is a member of the sunflower family. Height: 12-60 inches . Back To Plant Search USDA Hardiness Zone-10° F, Zone 6a. – brittlebush, Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers and Plants. Blake) I.M. virginensis Blake NRCS PLANT CODE: ENFR COMMON NAMES: button brittlebush brittlebush bush encelia TAXONOMY: The scientific name for button brittlebush is Encelia frutescens (Gray) Gray . See more. Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Growth Habit: Shrub, Subshrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert. Its name comes from the brittleness of the stems. The thick columnar stem stores moisture that allows this plant to survive the driest of conditions. Flower stamens exude a fragrant resin. Gray ex Torr. Spring. It is a member of the coastal sage plant community at the shoreline, and the chaparral and woodlands plant community on inland foothills in the Transverse and Peninsular Ranges.. Description. Flowers are visited by Honey bee. Evergreen. Scientific Name. Gray: Classification. farinosa Encelia farinosa var. Scientific name: Encelia farinosa. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Brittlebush definition is - any of a genus (Encelia) of composite plants having brittle stems; especially : a perennial desert shrub (E. farinosa) of the southwestern U.S. and adjacent Mexico with yellow flowers blooming above dense usually grayish-green foliage. Brittlebush is commonly a small perennial shrub, 2-3 ft. tall, 3 feet wide with greenish-gray to whitish-gray leaves and 2-3 inch yellow daisy flowers. Deciduous / Evergreen. vernacular scientific ... Encelia farinosa (Brittlebush) is a species of shrub in the family Asteraceae. Some of these names are shared with other species. We can only speculate that long before Anthem existed witnesses to this wonderful “blooming event” chose to honor it by naming the mountain Daisy. Common Name(s): Bush sunflower, California brittlebush Scientific Name: Encelia californica Family: Asteraceae Plant Type: Shrub Communities: Coastal sage scrub, chaparral Habitat: coastal Size: 1-2 ft wide, up to 4.5 ft tall Coastal sunflower is an evergreen perennial sunflower from the daisy family that is native to California, specifically the central and southern coastal regions. collect. Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons Leaves: Narrow, ovate, hairy, greenish-grey, up to 4 inches long, on short stalks. Scientific Name Other Common Names; ENFRF: Encelia frutescens (A. Scientific Name: Sauromalus: Other Name: Sauromalus ater: Category: Lizard: Size: Approx 20 inches: Average Lifespan: About 25 years: Population : Chuckwalla Characteristics: The common chuckwalla is predominantly dull colored, usually of brown or dark gray. Average Landscape Size. Common Name: Brittlebush. Blooms. Brittlebush . Gray) A. The PLANTS Image Gallery for the United States Department of Agriculture PLANTS Database It has long, oval, silver-gray leaves that are somewhat fuzzy. Brittlebush has had many uses in the past. , Varieties formerly included E. f. var. I can be found throughout certain deserts but in this lesson we will be sticking to the Sonoran desert. Common Name: Brittlebush Scientific Name: Encelia farinosa Common Name: Western Screech-Owl Scientific Name: Megascops kennicottii Brittlebush is a member of the sunflower family and can be found growing on rocky or gravelly slopes and washes within the Sonoran Desert and portions of the Mohave Desert. Deciduous / Evergreen. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Sticky Brittlebush Encelia resinifera C. Clark. Special Features. Brittlebush grows to 1 meter tall, with fragrant leaves 3-8 centimeters long. It's leaves are covered with thick little hairs which help protect it from predators. – brittlebush It can be found in a variety of desert habitats from dry gravelly slopes to open sandy washes up to 1000 meters. It does well in cultivation and recently has spread dramatically in areas not natural to its distribution in large part because Caltrans has begun to use it in hydroseeding. Blooms. ABBREVIATION : ENCFAR SYNONYMS : Encelia farinosa var. It posts an average lifespan of 30 years. Scientific Name. Range: South California, south Nevada, far southwest Utah and most of Arizona . 2' x 3' Care Information. Gray Family: Asteraceae. Encelia resinifera . The sunnier and dryer, the whiter the leaves. , It does well in cultivation often being used for border, erosion control, ground cover and massing. Scientific Name: Encelia farinosa.  Recently the plant has spread dramatically in areas not natural to its distribution in large part because Caltrans has begun to use it in hydroseeding. Plant in rocky or sandy soil . vernacular scientific ... Button Brittlebush Encelia frutescens (A. Pinterest. Recognized varieties are as follows Larrea tridentata. Preferred Names. The stems of the brittlebush secrete a clear resin which was used by Native Americans from the Southwest as a glue and also as a gum. Cliff brittlebush. They also would sprinkle the paste on sores or heat it and spread it on their bodies to relieve pain. Genus: Encelia Adans. Scientific Name: Encelia farinosa. Johnst. Its scientific name is encelia farinosa. Region/ Deserts. This led to the Spanish name for the plant being incienso. Mojave Sonoran Chihuahuan Great Basin. Pinterest. Plants of Encelia farinosa with brown-purple disc corollas, found along the Colorado and Salt rivers, and common in Baja California, are var. It has long, oval, silver-gray leaves that are somewhat fuzzy. Scientific Name. The Seri use this to seal pottery vessels. There are no subspecies, forms, or natural hybrids. Description: The daisy-shaped flowers are 3-3.5 cm diameter, with orange-yellow ray florets and yellow or purple-brown disc florets. phenicodonta (S.F. fragrant rounded shrub of southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico having brittle stems and small crowded blue-green leaves and yellow flowers; produces a resin used in incense and varnish and in folk medicine . Back To Plant Search USDA Hardiness Zone-10° F, Zone 6a. In the Mojave desert this bush makes the hills come alive in spring with bouquets of daisies. Gray ex Torr. brittlebush ENFAR: Encelia farinosa A. Season: March to June. The name comes from the brittleness of its stems. Round. Location: The Desert. Sun Exposure: Full sun, tolerates reflected heat. As the scientific name of this desert plant suggests, this is a huge cactus. Plant Name. The leaves are alternate, woolly, grayish in color, and oval to triangle-shaped. Write a Review. These common desert plants found in the hot, barren landscapes of the southwest states and northern Mexico. Winter evergreen to almost summer deciduous. Gray ex Torr. FAst. Brittlebush has survived a -8 F (-21C) in the desert, BUT, the ground only froze less than an inch deep and only for a couple of hours . FAst. Common Name. Brittlebush (Encelia farinosa) is a medium-sized rounded shrub. First to colonize disturbed or burned sites. Homer Edward Price cc-by brittlebush includes 21 children: Encelia actonii Elmer (Acton's brittlebush) Encelia asperifolia (S. F. Blake) C. Clark & D. W. Kyhos; Encelia californica Nutt. This shrub is native to southern California (U.S.) and northern Baja California (México). Description. Add to My Plant List; Brittlebush grows to 1 meter tall, with fragrant leaves 3-8 centimeters long. phenicodonta.Plants with substrigose leaves, capitulescences branched toward bases rather than distally, and ray florets reduced in both size and number are most often hybrids and backcrosses between noun - plural: brittlebushes. The name is derived from its fragile and breakable stems. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Facebook. I can be found throughout certain deserts but in this lesson we will be sticking to the Sonoran desert. Walk among free-flight birds, towering saguaros and watch the racing roadrunners. 35.627510781751, -79.757441394032. There are no subspecies, forms, or natural hybrids. farinosa. Encelia farinosa (commonly known as brittlebush, brittlebrush, or incienso), is a common desert shrub of northern Mexico (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, and Hidalgo) and the southwestern United States (California, Arizona, Utah, and Nevada). Duration: Perennial, Deciduous. Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants spreading, can reach up to 4 feet in height. Common Name. Its scientific name is encelia farinosa. Species: Encelia farinosa A. This is the brittlebush. Recommended Temperature Zone: Sunset®: 10-13 USDA: 9b-10. This page was last edited on 18 March 2020, at 15:52. Yellow. Blake: brittlebush Classification . Winter evergreen to almost summer deciduous. Comments provided by eFloras Plants of Encelia frutescens in the flora area are var. Share . overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; English. Evergreen. It can be found in a variety of desert habitats from dry gravelly slopes to open sandy washes up to 1000 meters. Share . As the scientific name of this desert plant suggests, this is a huge cactus. Common Names: Brittlebush, Goldenhills, Incienso. Creosote Bush. names in breadcrumbs. Spring. The individual flower heads are 2 inches (5 cm) wide and have yellow, blunt-toothed rays and golden orange to brown disk flowers. Medicinal: Seri use brittlebush to treat toothache; the bark is removed, the branch heated in ashes, and then placed in the mouth to "harden" a loose tooth. Growth Habit.